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托福阅读之提高严冬速度加强训练

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2014-08-21 来源:


摘要: 托福阅读解题的过程实际上也就是两大快速阅读技巧的结合:略读(Skimming了解中心) +查读(Scanning查找细节)。 skimming 和scanning 都要求能快速准确地识别关键词或词组(定位速度)。而恰恰这一步是大家所不熟悉和忽略的。这肯定不是词汇量不足的问题。要真正提高阅读速度,必须首先提高定位速度。

        这里给大家介绍一下“扫视定位法”,即变逐字、逐句阅读为字群、词群、意群阅读,用一目一行,一目多行等方式,以高于平时精读几倍乃至几十倍的速度扫视阅读材料,从而快速在原文中定位到题干中的关键词。
    具体做到:避免眼球没有规律的扫视; 避免中途回视;加快眼动速度,逐步扩大“视知觉广度”。“视知觉广度”大,由于眼球注视时间短途回视的次数少(眼动速度快),阅读的平均速度就比较快。
    以下练习是为提高眼动速度,加强对单词和词组的视觉感知而设计的。大家在练习时要抱着实验的心态,忘记对错误的担心,严格按时间要求完成训练。相信只要你认真练习,并且在做题时实践,一定会对托福阅读有新的感悟。更或是顿悟?
    (一)快速识别替换词。请在35秒内完成。
    mistaken - misconceptions misunderstand misuse misspell mischance change - view define modify access contain dominant involve - revolve intake follow contain invite invoice tiny - very swift very strong very small very sharp very quick speaking two language – contemporary texts bilingual rhythmic hearty
    6. destroy - destruct decide rebuild construct
    7. gigantic - excited foolish dangerous huge tiny particular
    8. local - abroad board import domestic transport
    9. vanish - to paint to disappear to defeat to suffer to decline
    10. gloomyfoolish sad timid open poetic slender
    11. purchase -to double something to succeed to buy something to lend something
    12. hazard - a danger a storm a battle a fire a pound a pool
    13. demanding job- precious task difficult job individual job related job
    14. habitat - a place to live a habit to follow a person to inform
    15. distinguished - eminent heritage poisonous contrast extend
    答案:misconception, modify, contain, very small, bilingual, destruct, huge, domestic, to disappear, sad, to buy something, a danger, difficult job, a place to live, eminent
    (二) 快速短语识别:用下划线标出出现的所有第一个词组。请在15秒内完成。
    1 industrial world
    water per person population explosion food production electricity world industrial world water policies industrial world innovative layoutindustrial process falling behind violence world soil quality industrial revolution continue to raise international tensions
    2 economic benefit
    economy benefit economic growth economic development economy policy
    electricity service economical engine effective solution economic benefit
    efficient beginner effective skills economic benefit economical design
    economic benefit economically fit economic activities
    (三)快速检索单词:请在30秒内完成。
    用下划线在右侧词群中标出出现的每个与左边单词相同的词。
    1) sought sought fought sought fought sought fought
    2) minks sinks minkes minks sinks sinks sink
    3) phrase phase phase phrase phase phase phase
    4) chrome chrome chronic chrome chronic chrome
    5) bright light brought bright right bring bright
    6) discovery discover discovery recovery recover discuss
    7) whale whale wheel whale whaling white
    8) nature nurture natural nature nurse nature
    9) mammal animal mammal mammon mammoth mammal
    10) visionvisual vision virtual vision visional
    时间:_____秒。正确:_____个。 在横线上标出左边单词出现的次数。
    1) whirl whirr whim whirl whim whirr whirl ______
    2) altaralter alter alter altar altar after altar ______
    3) course coarse course course coarse coarse ______
    4) whirl whirr whim whirr whim whirr whim ______
    5) breath breathe breathe breathe breath breath ______
    6 course coarse course course coarse coarse ______
    7) radar reader read radar reader radar ______
    8) perceive perception perceive perceive perception perceptive ______
    9) navigate navigate negative navigate navigation navigate ______
    10) adapt adapt adopt adaption accept adapt ______
    时间:_____秒。正确:_____个。(第四个故意没有左边单词,目的是提醒大家不要回视。要么第一次就看到,要么就干脆漏掉。)


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